There was an inscription found here in Luzzana, on an oval mass from the Neolithic Era datable to around 2,000 years before Christ, which seems to have been a type of primordial calendar.
The first documents in which the name Luzzana appear date from the year 886 A.D., when the name of the town was mentioned in some legal documents regarding the sale of land, but the principal historical remains date from the Middle Ages and the period of internecine strife between the Guelph and Ghibelline factions.
The main building resulting from this period is Castle Giovannelli, which dates from the 13th century and overlooks the town. It has a tower and is surrounded by walls with arrow slits. Other historic buildings dating from this period are Casa Mazzi and Casa Gobetti, on the borders with Trescore Balneario.
The parish church of San Bernardino di Siena was built in the 19th century and contains many valuable paintings of note, including a Madonna Enthroned and the Crucifixion of Francesco Zucco.
While the town is known for being the birthplace of the renowned 19th century sculptor Giosuè Meli, it is the contemporary art of Alberto Meli and his wife Esther Gaini that has a special place in Luzzana, thanks to the artist couple’s donation of their work to the Museo Meli, currently located within Castle Giovannelli.
An interesting fact is that the town and its environs are noted for their many chestnut woods, chestnuts collected from the slopes of Monte Misma being one of the main products of the area.
Municipality of Luzzana
Area: 3.38 square kilometres
Altitude: 310 metres above sea level